Economics and Regulation

Paving the Way for Driverless Cars: A Policy Roadmap

by Ed Leon Klinger Driverless cars present an unprecedented opportunity to transform the way we transport goods and people through cities and across countries, posing benefits to our collective safety, environment and economy. They also pose new risks; as cars become more connected, they become more vulnerable to malicious attacks by thieves and terrorists. This essay

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Escaping the Slippery Slope: Freedom of Expression and Cyberspace Regulation after the Delfi Case

by Konstantina Georgaki, Emmanuel Giakoumakis, and Alessandro Rollo In June 2015, the European Court of Human Rights delivered the final judgment in the Delfi case, where it upheld the decision of an Estonian court to fine a news portal for hosting anonymous defamatory comments. This controversial judgment has a chilling effect on freedom of expression in

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Water as a Strategic Tool in Central Asia

by Hannah Smith Limited water resources, weak states and ethnic tensions across Central Asia lead many analysts to believe that the region will bear witness to the world’s first war over water. Through drawing on fieldwork, this study takes the example of the geographically isolated village of Barak (a Kyrgyz exclave) to demonstrate how water resources

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The Role of Research in Developing Energy Policy

by Andrew Robertson Decarbonising the electricity sector has been identified as a short-term priority for cutting UK greenhouse gas emissions in response to the risks of climate change. The scale and rate of change in the electricity sector means that there is a strong need for energy research and a big potential for new research to

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Weighing the Benefits and the Risks: Better Defining Regulation of New Technologies

by Michele Mastroeni Regulation of science and technology is an important factor in how our technological landscape develops, and whether a technology makes it to the end-users. While ideally regulation will be based on broadly accepted values and trusted scientific assessment, the reality is much more complicated. Just as different technologies spur intense debate in society,

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Pathways for Academic Impact: Biased Towards Commercialisation?

by Tim Guilliams Given the current economic climate it is important to maximise academic impact on society. Measures of academic impact have been dominated by the commercialisation of academic discoveries, thereby failing to capture the complete spectrum of academic activities that lead to societal impact. In fact, universities do not appear to act as a significant

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Beyond Human Right vs. Commodity: Time to Realistically Assess Water Scarcity

by Simon Damkjaer The water resources community remains stuck in a futile debate of whether water constitutes a human right or a commodity, which is resolved through the content of General Comment 15: water constitutes a human right, which puts conditions on economic approaches to water and its commodification. Instead, it is time to address the

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Smart Cities, Digital Connectivity, and Social Inclusion: Paving the way to inclusive urban strategies

by Enora Robin Cities have become key players in the global economic landscape, with only 600 cities contributing to 60% of the world’s economic output. The proportion of world’s population living in urban areas is projected to be rising from 50% today to 75% in 2050. Despite the economic benefits derived from the concentration of economic

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Energy Subsidies and the Flawed Dominance of Economics in the UK Energy Sector

by Raphael J. Heffron New economic thinking is needed in the UK energy sector. The mainstream economic approach to the electricity sector needs to be radically altered, and two new approaches are discussed in this article. The first focuses on restructuring the electricity market, and the second on achieving parity for low carbon energy sources

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Why the dominance of economics will survive the crash, for now

by Mark Goodwin The global financial crisis has resulted in much soul-searching for economists. The discipline has been challenged to revisit its most fundamental principles and practices in the light of the crash. As a result, increasing pressure is being put on economics to modify its teaching curricula and research priorities. Yet in the field

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